Are you still using the latest custom kali image provided by Zaid? Cause it has the needed drivers for that specific chipset. And should work out of the box.
Also you can try:
– Experiment with connecting the adapter before and after Kali fully loads, and after you log in as root.
– Experiment with setting the adapter to use USB 2 and USB 3.
– Make sure you connect the adapter directly to the computer, don’t use a hub or an extension.
– And experiment with connecting the adapter to different USB ports.
Hope it helps!